Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement

Lisan Al-Hal: Jurnal pengembangan pemikiran dan kebudayaan is a national journal with peer review published twice a year in print and online by Institution of Research and Outreach for Society (LP2M) of Universitas Ibrahimy Situbondo. This statement explains the ethical behavior of all parts involved in publishing articles, including authors, editorial boards, peer reviews, and publishers. This statement is based on COPE’s Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.

Ethical Guideline of Publication

Publication of the articles is an important building in the development of a coherent and respected knowledge network. This is a direct reflection of the quality of the authors’ works and the supported institutions. The articles reviewed support and contain scientific methods. Therefore, it is important to agree on standards of expected ethical behavior for all parts involved in publication, involved authors, journal editors, peer reviews, publishers, and society.

The program of the Institution of Research and Outreach for Society (LP2M) of Universitas Ibrahimy Situbondo as the publisher of the publication is responsible for overseeing all stages of publication seriously and recognizes ethical and other responsibilities. In addition to being committed to ensuring that reprint advertisements and other commercial revenues do not have an impact or influence on editorial decisions, they are also committed to assisting with the management of other journals and / or publishers if useful and necessary.

Decision of Publication

Editors of the publication are responsible for deciding which submitted articles must be published. The validation of the work and its significance for researchers and readers must always support the decision. Editors can be guided by the policies of the journal editorial board and limited by legal provisions as they must be upheld regarding defamation, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. The editor can negotiate with other editors or the assessment team in making this decision.

Equitable Conduct

Editors always evaluate texts based on their intellectual content regardless of race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnic origin, citizenship or political philosophy of the authors.


Editors and editing staff may not disclose any information about the manuscript submitted to anyone except the author, expert editors, peer reviews, and publisher.

Notification and Conflict of Interest

Unpublished material that is revealed in the submitted manuscript should not be used in the research of the editor himself without the written agreement by the author.

Contribution to Editorial Decisions

The assessment of peer reviews help the editor in making editorial decisions and through editorial communication with the author can also help the author finish his manuscript.


Any selected reviewers who feel that they do not meet the qualifications to assess the research reported in a manuscript or do not be able to make a quick review should inform the editor and free himself from the assessment process.


Every text received for evaluation must be treated as a confidential document. The document must not be shown or discussed with anyone except authorized by the editor.

Objectivity Standards

The assessment must be done objectively. Personal criticism of the author is not justified. Reviewers must state their views clearly with supporting arguments.

Source Recognition

The reviewer must identify the relevant published work that is not cited by the author. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument has been reported before must be accompanied by relevant citations. The reviewer must also ask the editor to pay attention to the similarity or overlap between the assessed text and other published articles.

Notification and Conflict of Interest

Information or confidential opinion obtained through the assessment of peer reviews must be kept confidential and should not be used for personal gain. Reviewers may not consider texts where they have a conflict of interest originating from a competitive, collaborative or other relationship or connection with any author, company, or institution related to the manuscript.

Reporting Standards

The author must present an accurate report of the manuscript and an objective discussion of its significance. The main data must be represented accurately in the article. An article must include enough detail and references to allow others to repeat the work. Deceptive or intentionally inaccurate statements are unethical and unacceptable behavior.

Originality and Plagiarism

Authors must ensure that they have written the manuscripts that are entirely original, and that they have cited correctly when using the work and/or words of others.

Multiple, Repetitive or Concurrent Publishing

An author generally should not publish manuscripts that essentially explain the same research in more than one journal or major publication. Submitting the same text to more than one journal simultaneously is unethical and unacceptable behavior.


Source Recognition

Fair recognition of the work of others must always be given. Authors must cite influential publications in determining the nature of the manuscript reported.

Authorship of Manuscript

Authorship must be limited to those who make important contributions to the conception, design, execution or interpretation of reported studies. All people who make important contributions must be listed as co-authors. If there are other people who participate in certain important aspects of the research project, they must be recognized or listed as contributors. The author must ensure that all appropriate joint authors are included in the article, and that all joint authors have seen and have agreed to the final version of the article and have agreed to submit it for publication.

Notification and Conflict of Interest

All authors must notify in their texts of any financial or other substantive conflicts that might be suspected to affect the results or interpretations of their manuscripts. All financial support for the project must be notified.

A fundamental error in the publication works

If an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his or her publication, it is the author's obligation to immediately notify the editor or publisher of the journal and cooperate with the editor to withdraw or correct the manuscript.