Publication Ethics

The ethics of publishing an article in a scientific journal is an important reference. This is necessary to standardize ethical behavior for all parties involved in the publication of this scientific journal, namely: writers, editors, reviewers.



1. Reporting Standards: Authors must present accurate reports and data from research results. The research results article must contain sufficient detailed information and references. Deliberate deception of the content of a manuscript is unethical and unacceptable behavior.

2. Originality and Plagiarism: The authors must ensure the originality of their writings and provide clear information/sources when using quotations. Authors are not allowed to publish their research papers in more than one journal because submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal simultaneously is unethical and unacceptable behavior.

3. Acknowledgment of Sources: Proper acknowledgment of the work of others should always be included. Authors must cite publications that have been used to base the creation of a scientific work.

4. Authorship of the Paper: Papers should be limited to researchers who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, conduct, or interpretation of the research reported. All researchers who have made significant contributions must be listed as co-authors. Researchers who participate in substantive aspects of a study must be recognized or registered as contributors. The lead author must ensure that co-authors are eligible for inclusion on the list of researchers and all authors must see and approve the final version of the manuscript to be published.

5. Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: Each author must disclose in their manuscript any substantive financial or interest that may be construed to influence the outcome of a manuscript.

6. Fundamental errors in published works: If the author finds errors or inaccuracies in the published manuscript, the author is expected to notify the journal editor or publisher and work with the editor to retract or correct the manuscript.



1. Publication decisions: The editors are responsible for deciding articles that have been accepted by the editorial board for publication. Editors may refer to the discretion of the journal's editorial board and are limited by applicable legal provisions regarding defamation, copyright infringement and plagiarism. Editors may also confer with other editors or reviewers in making decisions.

2. Fair play: The editor may at any time evaluate the content of the manuscript regardless of the race, gender, sexual orientation, religion, ethnicity, nationality, or political philosophy of the author.

3. Confidentiality: The editor and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about submitted manuscripts to parties other than the authors, reviewers, potential reviewers, editorial advisors and publishers.

4. Disclosure and conflicts of interest: Material in manuscripts submitted and not published in a journal may not be used in the editor's research, without the written consent of the author.



1. Contribution to Editorial Decisions: Reviewers assist editors in making editorial decisions and through editorial communication with authors, can help authors improve manuscripts. Reviewers are also expected to provide suggestions for improvements to the results of the review.

2. Promptness: Any reviewer who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or conducts a rapid review of the manuscript, must notify the editor and not be involved in the review process. The invited reviewer must also confirm his/her willingness/unwillingness to review the article.

3. Confidentiality: Every manuscript received for review must be treated as a confidential document. These manuscripts do not have to be displayed or discussed with other parties unless permission from the editor is obtained.

4. Standards of Objectivity: The review must be conducted objectively. The author is not allowed to criticize personally. The reviewer must provide clear information about the results of the review along with supporting arguments.

5. Acknowledgment of Sources: Reviewers must identify relevant published papers and those that have not been cited by the authors. Statements about previously reported observations, derivations or arguments should be accompanied by relevant citations. The reviewer must also coordinate with the editor about any substantial similarities between the manuscript under consideration and other articles that have been published with the knowledge of the editor and reviewer.

6. Disclosure and Conflict of Interest: Information or ideas obtained from peer reviewers must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain. Reviewers are not allowed to consider a manuscript due to a conflict of interest, collaboration, or other interest with the author, company, or institution concerned.