Model Simulasi Panen Parsial Pada Pengelolaan Budidaya Intensif Udang Vannamei (Litopenaeus vannamei)

  • Abdul Wafi Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi, Universitas Ibrahimy, Situbondo.
  • Heri Ariadi Program Magister Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan Universitas Brawijaya
  • Mohamad Fadjar Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang.
  • Mohammad Mahmudi Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang.
  • Supriatna Supriatna Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang.
Keywords: Litopenaeus vannamei, model dinamis, panen parsial, simulasi, budidaya intensif

Abstract

Panen parsial adalah metode panen sebagian biomassa udang pada saat kegiatan operasional budidaya sedang berlangsung. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menentukan konseptual model optimalisasi pengelolaan budidaya udang vannamei (L. vannamei) pola intensif berdasarkan prosentase estimasi panen parsial. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan dengan konsep desain kausal ex-post facto selama satu siklus budidaya intensif udang vannamei (L. vannamei). Hasil dari penelitian menunjukkan, selama masa budidaya parameter kualitas air yang meliputi pH, suhu, oksigen terlarut, nitrit, dan nitrat masih berada dalam ambang batas, sedangkan posfat, TAN, dan TOM berada diatas level ambang batas baku mutu untuk budidaya udang intensif. Untuk konsep model simulasi pengelolaan budidaya intensif dari skenario panen non-parsial, parsial 10%, dan parsial 20%. Sistem panen parsial 10% memiliki beberapa keunggulan dibandingkan dua sistem panen lainnya. Yakni, dengan diterapkannya simulasi panen parsial 10% didapatkan nilai efisiensi biomassa panen sebesar 88.08 kg dan efisiensi prosentase survival rate udang sebesar 11% dibandingkan dengan konsep panen parsial 20% atau non-parsial. Sehingga dapat disimpulkan, bahwa untuk konsep model pengelolaan budidaya udang vannamei (L. vannamei) pola intensif yang paling optimal berdasarkan hasil simulasi sistem pemodelan dinamis adalah konsep model budidaya panen parsial 10% dengan pelaksanaan panen parsial pada saat budidaya umur 60 hari.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abedin, M.J., Bapary M.A.J., Rasul M.G., Majumdar B.C., Haque M.M., 2017. Water quality parameters of some Pangasius ponds at Trishal Upazila, Mymensingh, Bangladesh. European Journal of Biotechnology and Bioscience 5(2): 29-35.

Ahmed, S.U., Shofiquzzoha A.F.M., Saha M.R., and Islam M.S., 1999. Water Quality Management on The Enhancement of Shrimp (Penaeus monodon Fab.) Production in The Traditional and Improved-Traditional Ghers of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal Fisheries Research 4(1): 63-68.

Apud, F.D., 1985. Extensive and Semi-Intensive Culture of Prawn and Shrimp in The Philippines. Proceedings of The First International Confrence on The Culture of Panaeid Prawns/Shrimps: 105-113.

Ariadi, H., Wafi A., dan Supriatna., 2020. Hubungan Kualitas Air Dengan Nilai FCR Pada Budidaya Intensif Udang Vanname (Litopenaeus vannamei). Samakia : Jurnal Ilmu Perikanan 11(1): 44-50.

Budiardi, T., 2008. Keterkaitan Produksi Dengan Beban Masukan Bahan Organik Pada Sistem Budidaya Intensif Udang Vannamei (Litopenaeus vannamei. Boone 1931). Bogor. Institut Pertanian Bogor: Bogor.

Burford, M.A., dan Lorenzen K., 2004. Modeling Nitrogen Dynamics in Intensive Shrimp Ponds: The Role of Sediment Remineralization. Aquaculture 229: 129-145.

Boyd, C. E. 1989. Water Quality Management And Aeration In Shrimp Farming. Fisheries And Allied Aquacultures Department Series No. 2. Auburn University. Alabama.

Boyd, C.E., 1991. Water Quality Management and Aeration in Shrimp Farming. Auburn University. Alabama.

Boyd, C.E., dan Hanson T., 2010. Dissolved-Oxygen Concentration in Pond Aquaculture. Global Aquaculture Advocate. January/February 2010: 40-41.

Colt, J., and Watten B., 1988. Applications of Pure Oxygen in Fish Culture. Aquacultural Engineering 7: 397-441.

Edhy, W.A., Azhary K., Pribadi J., Chaerudin M.K., 2010. Budidaya Udang Putih (Litopenaeus vannamei.Boone, 1931). CV. Mulia Indah. Jakarta.

Franco, A.R., Ferreira J.G., and Nobre A.M., 2006. Development of A Growth Model for Penaeid Shrimp. Aquaculture 259: 268-277.

Herbeck, L.S., Unger D., Wu Y., and Jennerjahn T.C., 2013. Effluent, Nutrient and Organic Matter Export From Shrimp and Fish Ponds Causing Eutrophication in Coastal and Back-Reef Waters of NE Hainan, Tropical China. Continental Shelf Research 57: 92-104.

Irineu, B.J., Santino C., and Panhota., 2011. Oxygen Uptake From Aquatic Macrophyte Decomposition From Piraju Reservoir (Piraju, SP, Brazil). Brazillian Journal Biology 71(1): 27-35.

Kartono, Izzati M., Sutimin., dan Insani D., 2008. Analisis Model Dinamik Pertumbuhan Biomassa Rumput Laut Gracillaria verrucosa. Jurnal Matematika 11(1): 20-24.

Liao, I.C., dan Chien Y.H., 2011. The Pacific White Shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, in Asia: The World’s Most Widely Cultured Alien Crustacean. Springer Series in Invasion Ecology 6: 489-519.

Mohanty, R.K., 2001. Effect of Pond Aeration on Growth and Survival of Penaeus monodon Fab.. Bangladesh Journal Fisheries Research 5(1): 59-65.

Neilan, R.M., dan Rose K., 2014. Simulating The Effects of Fluctuating Dissolved Oxygen on Growth, Reproduction, and Survival of Fish and Shrimp. Journal of Theoretical Biology 343: 54-68.

Parvathi, D., dan Padmavathi P., 2018. Stocking Density, Survival Rate and Growth Performance of Litopenaeus vannamei (Boone, 1931) in Different Cultured Shrimp Ponds from Vetapalem, Prakasam District, Andhra Pradesh, India. International Journal of Zoology Studies 3(2): 179-183.

Perez, AE., Ruiz-Velazco J.M.J., Llamas A.H., Leal I.Z., and Cardeas L.M., 2016. Deterministic and Stochastic Models for Analysis of Partial Harvestingstrategies and Improvement of Intensive Commercial Production of Whiteleg Shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei). Aquacultural Engineering 70: 56-62.

Pravin, P., dan Ravindran K., 2005. Harvesting Techniques in Traditional Shrimp Culture. Fishery Technology 42(2): 111-124.

Purnamasari, I., Purnama D., dan Utami M.A.F., 2017. Pertumbuhan Udang Vaname (Litopenaeus vannamei) di Tambak Intensif. Jurnal Enggano 2(1): 58-67.

Ren, J.S., Dozey J.S., Plew D.R., Fang J., and Gall M., 2012. An Ecosystem Model For Optimising Production in Integrated Multitrophic Aquaculture Systems. Ecological Modelling 246: 34– 46.

Ridlo, A., dan Subagiyo., 2013. Pertumbuhan, Rasio Konversi Pakan dan Kelulushidupan Udang Litopenaeus vannamei yang Diberi Pakan dengan Suplementasi Prebiotik FOS (Fruktooligosakarida). Buletin Oseanografi Marina 2(4): 1-8.

Romadhona, B., Yulianto B., dan Sudarno., 2016. Fluktuasi Kandungan Amonia dan Beban Cemaran Lingkungan Tambak Udang Vaname Intensif Dengan Teknik Panen Parsial dan Panen Total. Indonesian Journal of Fisheries Science and Technology 11(2): 84-93.

Shahkar, E., Yun H., Park G., Jang I.K, Kim S.K, Katya K., and Bai S.C., 2014. Evaluation of Optimum Dietary Protein Level for Juvenile Whiteleg Shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei). Journal of Crustacean Biology 34(5): 552-558.

Supono., 2015. Manajemen Lingkungan Untuk Akuakultur. Platanxia. Yogyakartal.

Supriatna, Marsoedi., Hariati A.N., and Mahmudi M., 2017. Dissolved Oxygen Models in Intensive Culture of Whiteleg Shrimp, Litopenaeus Vannamei, in East Java, Indonesia. AACL Bioflux 10(4): 768-778.

Suriya, M., Shanmugasundaram S., and Mayavu P., 2016. Stocking Density, Survival Rate and Growth Performance of Litopenaeus vannamei-(Boone, 1931) in Different Cultured Shrimp Farms. International Journal of Current Research in Biology and Medicine 1(5): 26-32.

Suwoyo, H.S., 2009. Tingkat Konsumsi Oksigen Sedimen Pada Dasar Tambak Intensif Udang Vanamei (Litopenaeus vannamei ). Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor.

Twilley, R.R., Edjung G., Romare P., and Kemp M., 1986. A Comparative Study of Decomposition, Oxygen Consumption and Nutrient Release For Selected Aquatic Plants Occurring in An Estuarine Environment. Oikos 47: 190-198.

Villareal, H., and Ocampo L., 1993. Effect of Size and Temperature on The Oxygen Consumption of The Brown Shrimp Penaeus californiensis (Holmes, 1900). Comp, Biochem. Physiol. 106(1): 97-101.

Wulandari, T., Widyorini N., Wahyu P.P., 2015. Hubungan Pengelolaan Kualitas Air Dengan Kandungan Bahan Organik, NO2 dan NH3 Pada Budidaya Udang Vannamei (Litopenaeus vannamei) di Desa Keburuhan Purworejo. Diponegoro Journal of Maquares Management of Aquatic Resources 4(3): 42-48.

Wurts, W.A., 2007. Sustainable Aquaculture: Concept or Practice. Biotechnology 10: 1-15.

Yang, H., dan Man R., 2018. Effects of Partial Harvesting on Species and Structural Diversity in Aspendominated Boreal Mixedwood Stands. Forest Ecology and Management 409: 653-659.

Yu, R., Leung P.S., and Bienfang P., 2009. Modeling Partial Harvesting in Intensive Shrimp Culture: A Network-Flow Approach. European Journal of Operational Research 193: 262-271.

Published
2020-10-22
How to Cite
Wafi, A., Ariadi, H., Fadjar, M., Mahmudi, M., & Supriatna, S. (2020). Model Simulasi Panen Parsial Pada Pengelolaan Budidaya Intensif Udang Vannamei (Litopenaeus vannamei). Samakia : Jurnal Ilmu Perikanan, 11(2), 118-126. https://doi.org/10.35316/jsapi.v11i2.928
Abstract viewed = 435 times
PDF downloaded = 0 times